The Muslima's Guide To Missed Fards (Qada)
Life gets faster and time loses barakah. Your biggest challenge nowadays as a busy Muslima, is to hold onto your fards. There is really no excuse for being "too busy" or "too stressed" or "too tired" to miss our fards. But we're human, so we do, even though at times with good reason. There is no way around it, our fards need to be repaid in the form of qada before our death. Qada (قُضِي) is the Arabic word for fulfilling the duties (usually your fard obligations) that you've missed due to some reason. With this in mind, we need to set time aside in our busy lives to make up our qada before we meet our Lord. Sometimes, we just don't know how to do this.
To make it simple and easy for a busy Muslima, I have researched and explained the three important fards that need to be repaid during our lifetime. I know as mothers, we often have a lot of qada to do from childbirth and hayd (menses), so most times we will have more make-ups to do than dear hubby. This usually seems daunting and tedious when you're a busy mom, but with intention and perseverance, it can be done.
Believe me when I say that you'll feel a sense of accomplishment just by putting a number on your qada to start. It is a gift that Allah SWT bestows on us when he gives us the opportunity to rectify our past shortcomings and make amends. Also, don't feel embarrassed if you have thousands of missed prayers to repay etc. because you are not alone, there are so many moms who are in the same boat, including me!
Making Up Missed Prayers
♦ Think back to the age you reached puberty and mentally brainstorm your missed fard prayers.
♦ Calculate how many salah you've missed since then. You simply need to make an educated guess.
♦ Resolve to make them up consistently until complete.
So for example, if you are 38 years old and you hit puberty at 13 years of age, you will have 25 years of prayers that you had to perform. Now decide how many prayers you think you've missed during those 25 years. You simply make a reasonable guess, even if you cannot remember exactly.
You will need to estimate each prayer separately by writing how many fajr, dhur, asr, magrib, and isha salah you've missed. Usually, the prayer you found the toughest during your life will have the highest number. For example, as a teen you found waking up for fajr difficult, so your fajr qada would be the highest number.
Making Up Missed Fasts
The same method you used for salah applies for fasting.
♦ Calculate how many fasts you've missed over the years from the age of puberty till now.
♦ If it's due to hayd, calculate how many days your menses usually lasts and multiply that by the months of each year till now that you've missed.
♦ Next, calculate any fasts missed after childbirth, during pregnancy, breastfeeding, or illness. Make a calculated guess, add it up, and write the figure down.
Keeping A Record
♦ Each time you make up a fast or prayer, give yourself a tally mark or X the number. You can also write the new total.
♦ Use a specific book, a notepad app on your phone, or a log to keep track of your qada, especially if it's a lot. That's been the easiest method for me.
♦ Set a specific amount of qada to perform each week to remain consistent and make it easier to keep track.
This may all sound confusing, so I've made a prayer and a fasting qada log in printable format to help you in achieving your goal. Find it at the end of this post.
Making Up Missed Zakat
Sometimes we don't realize that we need to pay zakat on our individual assets whether married or not. If you own valuable jewelry or have some savings, and it is over the nisab (minimal zakatable amount), you are liable to pay zakat for that year. With this in mind, if you have not paid zakat in the past, you can repent for your lapse, calculate how much zakat you owe, and pay it as soon as you can. You are also permitted to pay it off, and not all at once. Here is an explanation from seekershub.org:
Zakat is due on a yearly basis when a morally-responsible Muslim possesses the minimal zakatable-amount (nisab) above and beyond his debts and immediate expenses, and a complete lunar year passes over it. In calculating one’s Zakat one calculates all his zakatable assets together. “Zakatable assets” include:
(a) Cash – whether in currency form or in the bank,(b) Gold and Silver,(c) Money lent out,(d) Trade goods,(e) Stocks, and(f) Agricultural produce.After one calculates the above, one deducts:(a) Debts, and(b) Immediate expenses (Source: Seekershub)
For example, this year the nisab in the US is $3765.85. The obligation to pay zakat will not commence if you have less than that in total assets. As soon as a person possesses this amount, the Zakat year will start and you will be obligated to pay it. The zakatable-minimum is equivalent to the value of 87 grams of gold. So if one possessed this amount on the 1st of Shawwal then this is when your Zakat year starts.
Fluctuations during the middle of the year are of no consequence unless one’s zakatable amount reaches zero. Only the beginning and end of the year are taken into account. One has to possess a zakatable-minimal both at the beginning and at the end of one’s Zakat year for one to pay Zakat. (source: seekershub)
So if you need to calculate your zakat for missed years, all you will need to do is:
♦ Estimate the amount you've had each year and whether it was over the nisab.
♦ Deduct 2.5% of your assets each year and add up the total of all the years. This will be the amount you owe.
♦ Write that amount down and make a plan to pay it off. Your spouse can pay it on your behalf as well.
Remember that zakat does not lessen your savings, but brings you more barakah and makes your money grow! Allah says;
And that which you give as a gift (to others) in order that it may increase (your wealth by expecting something in return) from other people’s property, has no increase with Allah. But that which you give in Zakat sincerely for the sake of Allah, those people shall have manifold increase. (Surah Ar-Room: 39)
The Prophet (saw) said:
Whoever gives away charity the size of a date, which is earned lawfully, since Allah only accepts the good lawful things, Allah will indeed take it with His right Hand and cause it to grow for its owner, just as one of you raises up his colt, to the point that the charity will become like the size of a mountain. (Bukhari and Muslim)
A Helpful Resource
I have loaded an awesome resource to help you on your path to make-up your qada. A Prayer Qada Log and a Fasting Qada Log is available in my store as a printable to purchase and helps support the Muslimommy site. If you are a subscriber, you can also get this free using your coupon code that you get in your newsletter. If you would like to become a subscriber, you can do so below.